Republic Act 9072 (National Caves and Cave Resources Management and Protection Act) – An act to manage and protect caves and cave resources and for other purposes.
SECTION 1. Title. – This Act shall be known as the “National Caves and Cave Resources Management and Protection Act.”
Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy. – It is hereby declared the policy of the State to conserve, protect and manage caves and cave resources as part of the country’s natural wealth. Towards this end, the State shall strengthen cooperation and exchange of information between governmental authorities and people who utilize caves and cave resources for scientific, educational, recreational, tourism and other purposes.
Sec. 3. Definition of Terms. – For purposes of Republic Act 9072, the following terms shall be defined as follows:
(a) “Cave” means any naturally occurring void, cavity, recess or system of interconnected passages beneath the surface of the earth or within a cliff or ledge and which is large enough to permit an individual to enter, whether or not the entrance, located either in private or public land, is naturally formed or man made. It shall include any natural pit, sinkhole or other feature which is an extension of the entrance. The term also includes cave resources therein, but not any vug, mine tunnel, aqueduct or other manmade excavation.chan robles virtual law library
(b) “Cave resources” includes any material or substance occurring naturally in caves, such as animal life,plant life, including paleontological and archaeological deposits, cultural artifacts or products of human activities, sediments, minerals, speleogems and speleothems.
(c) “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
(d) “Speleogem” means relief features on the walls, ceilings and floor of any cave or lava tube which are part of the surrounding bedrock, including but not limited to anastomoses, scallops, meander niches, petromorphs and rock pendants in solution caves and similar features unique to volcanic caves.
(e) “Speleothem” means any natural mineral formation or deposit occurring in a cave or lava tube, including but not limited to any stalactite, stalagmite, helictite, cave flower, flowstone, concretion, drapery, rimstone or formation of clay or mud.
(f) “Significant Cave” refers to a cave which contains materials or possesses features that have archaeological, cultural, ecological, historical or scientific value as determined by the DENR in coordination with the scientific community and the academe.
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