The National Museum of the Philippines is the official repository built in 1901 as a natural history and ethnography museum of the Philippines. It is located next to Rizal Park and near Intramuros in Manila, a portion city of Metro Manila. Its main building was designed in 1918 by an American Architect, Daniel Burnham. Today, that building, the former home of the Congress of the Philippines, holds the National Art Gallery, natural sciences and other support divisions. The close building in the Agrifina Circle of Rizal Park, formerly housing the Department of Finance, houses the Anthropology & Archaeology Divisions & is better-known as the Museum of the Filipino People.

As you get into the National Art Gallery, 2 imposing sculptures of National Artist Guillermo Tolentino greet you. They are heroic monuments, cast in metal, to Manuel Quezon, former Senate President, and Sergio Osmena, former Speaker of the House. At the lobby of the building are 2 wooden reliefs by National Artist Napoleon Abueva, attended by Renato Rocha and Jose Mendoza. They portray Rajah Sulayman, His Court, & the Palisades (1967) and Legazpi and the Founding of Manila (1967). At the pediments of the back & front facades of the building and at the former Session Hall of the Philippine Senate are sculptures of Otto Fisher Credo, Walter Strauss, Vidal Tampinco, and Ramon Martinez.

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